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18 03, 2017

Sympathetic Innervation of The Lower Limb

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

The sympathetic innervation of the lower limb is originated from the lower 3 thoracic and upper 2 lumbar (T10-L2) sections of the spinal cord. The preganglionic fibres originating from the lateral horn cells pass out via ventral roots. Afterward they [...]

18 03, 2017

Segmental Innervation of The Lower Limb

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

Segmental Innervation of The Skin (Dermatomes) The area of the skin provided by a spinal nerve is named dermatome. The lower limb bud develops on the ventrolateral aspect of the body wall opposite L1 S3 spinal sections; consequently, the skin [...]

18 03, 2017

Cutaneous Innervation of The Lower Limb

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

The cutaneous nerves supplying the lower limb are originated from the branches of nerves of lumbar and sacral plexuses with the exception of some proximal unisegmental nerves originating from T12 or L1 spinal nerves. The the majority of the cutaneous [...]

18 03, 2017

Femoral Nerve

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

It's the main nerve of the anterior compartment of the thigh. It's the largest branch of the lumbar plexus and originates from the dorsal sections of the anterior primary rami of L2, L3, L4 nerves. It descends via the psoas [...]

18 03, 2017

Nerves of The Lower Limb

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

The nerves of the lower limb are originated from the ventral (anterior primary) rami of the lumbar and sacral nerves creating the lumbar plexus (L1 L4) in the posterior abdominal wall and the sacral plexus (L4 S4) in the pelvis. [...]

18 03, 2017

Lymphatic Drainage of The Lower Limb

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

The understanding of lymphatic drainage of the lower limb is of great clinical relevance because inflammatory lesions of limb cause painful enlargement of the lymph nodes on the other hand blockage of lymphatics by microfilarial parassites contributes to massive edema [...]

18 03, 2017

Deep Veins of The Leg

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

The deep veins of the leg be located in the tight fascial compartment along the arteries. The major deep veins of the lower limb are as follows: Deep veins of the sole (example, medial and lateral plantar veins). Venae comitantes [...]

18 03, 2017

Perforating Veins (Perforators)

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

They're conveying venous channels between the superficial and deep veins. These veins are termed perforators due to the fact that they perforate the deep fascia. The perforators are classified into 2 types: indirect and direct. Indirect perforators: They attach the [...]

18 03, 2017

Saphenous Vein

By | March 18th, 2017|Anatomy|0 Comments

Great Saphenous Vein The great saphenous vein is located in the superficial fascia and is easily observed (Greek saphenous = easily viewed). The great saphenous vein is the longest vein of the body and represents the pre-axial vein of the [...]

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