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The epiglottis is a leaf-shaped flexible flap of cartilage located behind the tongue at the end of the larynx. One of the main function of the epiglottis is to protect the body from chocking by sealing the windpipe during eating, so the food is inhaled accidentally. Structure


Esophagus is a narrow muscular tube extending from pharynx to the stomach. It gives passage for chewed food (bolus) and liquids during the third stage of deglutition and is about 25 cm long. Its engagement in different diseases like esophagitis, esophageal varices and cancer makes the anatomy


The hypothalamus is a part of the diencephalon which is located below the thalamus. It creates the floor and the lower parts of lateral walls of the 3rd ventricle. Anatomically, hypothalamus is small in size weighing only 4 g and creating only 3% of the total brain


Lungs are the organs of respiration and are enclosed by the right and left pleural cavities, located on both side of the Mediastinum. Main bronchi, which are branches of the trachea, help air as it enters and exits via the lungs. Since the middle mediastinum, which contains

Lungs (Pulmones)

The lungs or pulmones are the primary organs of respiration. The 2 lungs (left and right) are situated in the thoracic cavity, 1 on either side of the mediastinum enclosed in the pleural sac. The primary function of lungs would be to oxygenate the blood, i.e., exchange

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