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Intercondylar Area

By | 2018-02-21T07:36:38+00:00 February 21st, 2018|Anatomy, Areas, Lower Limb|

The intercondylar area of the tibial plateau is located in the middle of the articular surfaces of the medial and lateral condyles. It is narrow centrally where it is raised in order to create the intercondylar eminence, the sides of which are elevated further in order to create medial and lateral intercondylar tubercles. The intercondylar [...]

The Fourth Metatarsal

By | 2018-02-19T11:18:13+00:00 February 19th, 2018|Anatomy, Bones and Cartilages, Lower Limb|

The fourth metatarsal bone has almost the very same structure as the third, though it is a little smaller than third. Its body, which is prismatic and also triangular, is curved inwards rather more extremely compared to that of the preceding bone. Fourth Metatarsal Surfaces Its upper surface is narrow and divided into [...]

Flexor Hallucis Longus

By | 2018-02-14T09:40:37+00:00 February 12th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|

Flexor Hallucis Longus is a multipennate muscle whose fibers emerge through the flexor side of the fibula and also through the adjacent aponeurosis of the flexor digitorum longus. Flexor digitorum longus is the bulkiest as well as most powerful of the three deep muscles of the calf. Under this the muscle emerges in connection through [...]

Flexor Digitorum Longus

By | 2018-02-14T09:41:26+00:00 February 9th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|

  Flexor digitorum longus muscle is a bipennate muscle which occurs through both bones of the leg. Its tibial origin is through the posterior side of the bone below the soleal line, however, because of the inter-muscular septa in this region, it can also be revealed to develop through the fibula by a wide aponeurosis [...]

Extensor hallucis longus

By | 2018-02-14T09:43:19+00:00 February 9th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|

The Extensor hallucis longus is a thin muscle, which is located between the Tibialis anterior and the Extensor digitorum longus, that functions to extend the big toe and dorsiflex the foot. It also help with foot eversion and inversion. It provides the only active extension force to the interphalangeal joint and the primary active extension force [...]

Posterior Tibiofibular Ligament

By | 2018-02-01T06:29:24+00:00 January 26th, 2018|Anatomy, Joints and Ligaments, Lower Limb|

Posterior tibiofibular ligament includes a deep along with superficial part. The superficial part extends obliquely via the lateral malleolus to a broad connection on the posterolateral tibia tubercle. This deep part is more transverse and functions as a labrum, intensifying the tibial articular side. This part is thick as well as strong and also emerges [...]

The Second Metatarsal

By | 2018-02-01T06:45:45+00:00 January 22nd, 2018|Anatomy, Bones and Cartilages, Lower Limb|

Structure The second metatarsal bone is the longest of the metatarsal bones, being extended backwards into the hollow created by the three cuneiform bones. Its base is wide superiorly, slim and unequal inferiorly. The Second Metatarsal Side It gives four articular sides: one behind, of a triangular kind, for joining with the second [...]

Tibial Tuberosity

By | 2018-02-01T06:50:56+00:00 January 18th, 2018|Anatomy, Areas, Lower Limb|

The tibial tuberosity is a substantial upside down triangular region under the site of junction in the middle of the two condyles, on the anterior part of the tibia. An extension of the quadriceps femoris tendon under the patella, the patellar ligament attaches to this site. It is a protrusion at the apex of rough [...]

Tibial Plateau

By | 2018-02-01T06:53:14+00:00 January 17th, 2018|Anatomy, Areas, Lower Limb|

The tibial plateau is made up of three osseous structures: the lateral plateau, the medial plateau, along with the intercondylar eminence. The lateral plateau is smaller as well as convex, while the medial plateau is larger and slightly concave. Meniscus covers both of the plateaus, which improves the congruency of the femorotibial joint and functions [...]