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Lower Limb

Leg Muscles

Muscles of the leg include muscles of the thigh and foot. Leg muscles functions to perform all the motions and movements of the lower limb like standing, running, dancing etc. Leg muscles can be divided into 3 compartments: Anterior compartment, posterior compartment and lateral compartment. Muscles of

Patella (Knee Cap)

  The Patella is the largest sesamoid bone, seen in the tendon of quadriceps femoris. It’s situated in front of the knee joint, thus it’s also termed knee cap. It’s a flattened and triangular bone with all the base facing upward, and the apex downward. Its anterior


Pectineus is a flat quadrilateral muscle which is located in the floor of femoral triangle between psoas major laterally and adductor longus medially. Origin It appears from the pecten pubis, upper half of the pectineal surface of the superior ramus of pubis and pectineal fascia. Insertion The

Hip Joint

The hip joint is a ball-and-socket synovial joint where the femoral head acts as a ball and the socket is the acetabulum. This is considered as biggest ball and socket joint in the body. Due to its structure as a ball and socket, there is 360-degree encirclement

Plantar Nerves

Plantar Nerves are the nerves that go through the ankle joint to the sole of the foot. Plantar refers to anything that is related to the sole of the foot. There are 2 plantar nerves- medial and lateral. Medial Plantar Nerve The medial plantar nerve is the

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