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Lower Limb

Leg Muscles

Muscles of the leg include muscles of the thigh and foot. Leg muscles functions to perform all the motions and movements of the lower limb like standing, running, dancing etc. Leg muscles can be divided into 3 compartments: Anterior compartment, posterior compartment and lateral compartment. Muscles of

Lower Limb

The Lower Limbs are specialized for transmission of body weight and locomotion. A simple description of comparative anatomy of limbs vastly eases the understanding of their structure and function. Parts/Regions For illustrative purposes, the lower limb is split into 6 parts or regions: Gluteal region. Thigh or

Femoral Vein

The Femoral Vein is the upward continuation of the popliteal vein in the adductor hiatus. Therefore, it starts at the lower end of the adductor canal, ascends in adductor canal, and enters the femoral triangle, where after traversing the intermediate compartment of the femoral sheath it continues

Common Peroneal Nerve

Common Peroneal Nerve is a small terminal branch of the Sciatic nerve. Its point of appearance is just above popliteal fossa in the lower third of thigh. The entrance point in popliteal fossa is just below biceps tendon’s border along with upper lateral boundary of popliteal fossa

Peroneal Artery

Peroneal Artery is the artery that provides blood to the lateral compartment of the leg. Origin It’s the biggest and most important branch of the posterior tibial artery. It gives oxygenated blood supply to the posterior and lateral compartments of the leg. Course and Relationships The point

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