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Lower Limb

Leg Muscles

Muscles of the leg include muscles of the thigh and foot. Leg muscles functions to perform all the motions and movements of the lower limb like standing, running, dancing etc. Leg muscles can be divided into 3 compartments: Anterior compartment, posterior compartment and lateral compartment. Muscles of

Difference Between Upper Limb and Lower Limb

The upper and the lower limbs, both are built on the same basic principle. Each limb is made up of two portions : proximal and distal. The proximal part is also called limb girdle that attaches the limb to the trunk. The distal part is free and consists of

Lower Limb

The Lower Limbs are specialized for transmission of body weight and locomotion. A simple description of comparative anatomy of limbs vastly eases the understanding of their structure and function. Parts/Regions For illustrative purposes, the lower limb is split into 6 parts or regions: Gluteal region. Thigh or


The Femur is the longest and strongest bone of the body, present in the thigh (Latin femur = thigh). It’s around 18 inches (45 long), i.e., about quarter of the height of the individual. At the upper end it articulates with the hip bone to create the

Patella (Knee Cap)

  The Patella is the largest sesamoid bone, seen in the tendon of quadriceps femoris. It’s situated in front of the knee joint, thus it’s also termed knee cap. It’s a flattened and triangular bone with all the base facing upward, and the apex downward. Its anterior

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