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25 10, 2018

Leg Muscles

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-10-25T16:28:35+00:00 October 25th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|0 Comments

Muscles of the leg include muscles of the thigh and foot. Leg muscles functions to perform all the motions and movements of the lower limb like standing, running, dancing etc. Leg muscles can be divided into 3 compartments: Anterior compartment, posterior compartment and lateral compartment. Muscles of the Anterior Compartment of the Leg Some of [...]

8 08, 2018

Adductor Longus

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T08:57:14+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|0 Comments

Adductor Longus is a triangular muscle which is located in the exact same plane as pectineus. It forms the floor and medial boundary of the femoral triangle. Origin It originates by a rounded tendon from the front of the body of pubis in the angle between the pubic crest and the pubic symphysis. [...]

8 08, 2018

Plantar Arteries

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T10:56:42+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Arteries, Lower Limb|0 Comments

Plantar Arteries are of two types- medial and lateral. Plantar Arteries   Medial Plantar Artery The medial plantar artery is the smaller terminal branch of the posterior tibial artery. It originates below the flexor retinaculum and appears in the sole deep to abductor hallucis escorted by the medial plantar nerve on its lateral [...]

8 08, 2018

Flexor Retinaculum (Foot)

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T08:49:08+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb|0 Comments

The flexor retinaculum is a strap-like layer of connective tissue that covers the bony depression made by the medial malleolus, the medial and posterior surfaces of the talus, the medial surface of the calcaneus, the inferior surface of the sustentaculum tali. Insertion It attaches below and behind to the inferomedial margin of the [...]

8 08, 2018

Cuboid Bone

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T08:51:38+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Bones and Cartilages, Lower Limb|0 Comments

Cuboid bone is among the seven tarsal bones of the foot. The cuboid bone as the name suggests is cuboid fit. It is positioned in front of calcaneum and also behind the fourth as well as fifth metatarsals. cuboid bone Surfaces It provides 6 sides: anterior, posterior, dorsal, plantar, medial, and lateral: Anterior [...]

8 08, 2018

Extensor hallucis longus

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T11:04:51+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|0 Comments

The Extensor hallucis longus is a thin muscle, which is located between the Tibialis anterior and the Extensor digitorum longus, that functions to extend the big toe and dorsiflex the foot. It also help with foot eversion and inversion. It provides the only active extension force to the interphalangeal joint and the primary active extension force [...]

8 08, 2018

Posterior Compartment of Thigh

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T09:36:01+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|0 Comments

The Posterior Compartment of Thigh is the gluteal fold above to the rear of the knee below. Cutaneous Innervation The nervous supply of skin of the back of the thigh is by following nerves Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh goes superficially to long head of bicep femoris and downwards in the mid-section line [...]

8 08, 2018

Deep Veins of The Leg

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T08:35:58+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Veins|0 Comments

The Deep Veins of The Leg are located in the tight fascial compartment along the arteries. The major deep veins of the lower limb are as follows: Deep veins of the sole (example, medial and lateral plantar veins). Venae comitantes accompanying the dorsalis pedis, anterior tibial, and posterior tibial arteries. Popliteal vein. Femoral vein. Clinical [...]

8 08, 2018

Quadratus Plantae (Flexor Accessorius)

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T09:54:31+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|0 Comments

Flexor accessorius emerges by two heads via the medial and lateral tubercles of the calcaneus and the adjacent tubercles of the long plantar ligament and lies deep to flexor digitorum brevis. Insertion Nearby, where the tendon divides into the lateral side of the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus, the quadratus plantae muscle [...]

8 08, 2018

Navicular bone

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T10:53:58+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Bones and Cartilages, Lower Limb|0 Comments

The intermediate tarsal bone on the medial aspect of the foot is the navicular (boat formed). This bone articulates behind with the talus and links in front as well as on the lateral aspect with the distal set of tarsal bones. Navicular bone One distinguishing characteristic of the navicular is a noticeable curved [...]