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Plantar Interossei

The third, fourth, and little toes toward the long axis through the second toe are adducted by plantar interossei muscles.

Interactive Anatomical Interface

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abductor digiti minimi
flexor digitorum brevis
abductor hallucis
first proximal phalanx
first distal phalanx
calcaneus
Flexor hallucis brevis
adductor hallucis
flexor digitorum longus
tibialis posterior

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abductor digiti minimi
flexor digitorum brevis
abductor hallucis
first proximal phalanx
first distal phalanx

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calcaneus
Flexor hallucis brevis
adductor hallucis
flexor digitorum longus
tibialis posterior
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Metatarsal
quadratus plantae
lumbricals
flexor hallucis longus
Flexor digitorum longus
tibialis posterior
Medial cuneiform
Proximal phalanx
calcaneus
Tibialis anterior
Navicular Bone
fibularis longus
fibularis brevis

Highlight
Metatarsal
quadratus plantae
lumbricals
flexor hallucis longus
Flexor digitorum longus
tibialis posterior
Medial cuneiform

Highlight
Proximal phalanx
calcaneus
Tibialis anterior
Navicular Bone
fibularis longus
fibularis brevis
-
Highlight
Proximal phalanx
Metatarsal
flexor digiti minimi brevis
adductor hallucis ( oblique head )
adductor hallucis ( transverse head )
flexor hallucis brevis
fibularis (peroneous ) brevis
fibularis ( peroneous ) longus
calcaneus
tibialis posterior
medial cuneiform
cuboid bone
Talus
Navicular Bone
tibialis anterior

Highlight
Proximal phalanx
Metatarsal
flexor digiti minimi brevis
adductor hallucis ( oblique head )
adductor hallucis ( transverse head )
flexor hallucis brevis
fibularis (peroneous ) brevis

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fibularis ( peroneous ) longus
calcaneus
tibialis posterior
medial cuneiform
cuboid bone
Talus
Navicular Bone
tibialis anterior
-
Related:   Plantar Aponeurosis [Plantar Fascia]
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Distal phalanx
Middle phalanx
Proximal phalanx
Metatarsal
calcaneus
dorsal interossei
plantar interossei muscles
fibularis brevis
fibularis longus
cuboid bone
medial cuneiform
tibialis posterior
tibialis anterior

Highlight
Distal phalanx
Middle phalanx
Proximal phalanx
Metatarsal
calcaneus
dorsal interossei
plantar interossei muscles

Highlight
fibularis brevis
fibularis longus
cuboid bone
medial cuneiform
tibialis posterior
tibialis anterior
-

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Origin

  • The medial side of its associated metatarsal serves as point of origin for each plantar interosseous muscle.
  • The medial free margin of the extensor hood and base of the proximal phalanx serves as the point of entrance.
  • The second toe by using, among one of its dorsal interossei is adducted back to its longitudinal axis and the great toe has its own adductor muscle (the adductor hallucis) in the sole of the foot in the third layer of muscles.

 

Plantar Interossei

Plantar Interossei

Structure

  • The plantar interossei are found in the lateral three inter osseous spaces and are smaller than their dorsal equivalents, fusiform in shape.
  • From the plantar and medial aspect of the base and proximal end of the shaft of the metatarsal each plantar interrosei originates.
  • To insert into the medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the same toe, the tendon that is created passes forwards and deep to the deep transverse metatarsal ligament.
Related:   Glabella

Etymology

  • In English language this muscle’s name stands for the name of the muscle between the bones on the sole of the foot.
  • Latin terms inter meaning “between” and os meaning “bone” is where Interossei originates from
  • The Latin word planta for “the sole of the foot,” which originates from the Greek plata meaning “flat” is, where the word plantaris generally originates from.

Nerve Supply

All the interossei are supplied by:

  • The lateral plantar nerve, root value S2, S3,
  • The fourth interosseous space is supplied by the superficial branch of the nerve.
  • The skin covering the area is supplied on the lateral side by root S1 and medially by root L5.

Action

  • The plantar interossei adduct the third, fourth and fifth toes in the direction of the second.
  • In conjunction with the dorsal interossei they flex the metatarsophalangeal joints of the lateral three toes.

Functional Activity

  • With the help of the dorsal interossei and the abductor digiti minimi, the plantar interossei help to control the arrangement of the third, fourth and fifth toes during the push-off phase of walking and running.
  • When weight is suddenly applied to the forefoot they also help to prevent splaying of the toes.

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By | 2018-08-08T00:00:00+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Lower Limb, Muscles|0 Comments