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The epiglottis is a leaf-shaped flexible flap of cartilage located behind the tongue at the end of the larynx. One of the main function of the epiglottis is to protect the body from chocking by sealing the windpipe during eating, so the food is inhaled accidentally. Structure

Teres Major

Teres major is a thick and oval-shaped muscle that lies in the upper arm. Although having similar names, Teres major is different in terms of actions and innervation when compared to the teres minor. It’s main function is to facilitate medial rotation of the arm and it

Vertebral Column – Superior Articular Processes, Inferior Articular Processes and Articular Facet

The vertebral column can be studied easily by comparing and contrasting the regions, numbers and the types of vertebrae namely cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae within the vertebral column. The vertebral column is comprised of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal vertebrae. The cervical vertebra

The Pectoral Region – Muscles

The muscles of the Pectoral Region are: Pectoralis major Pectoralis minor Subclavius Serratus anterior Muscles of the Pectoral Region The Pectoral region is the one located on the anterior chest wall. Pectoralis Major Pectoralis major is the largest muscle of the pectoral region. Origin Pectoralis major muscle


The Sternum or Breast Bone is a long flat bone, which is enlarged about 7 cm long. It is located in the anterior median part of the chest wall.   Parts The sternum is composed of the following 3 parts: Upper part, the manubrium sterni/episternum Middle part,

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