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8 08, 2018

Fascia Transversalis

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T09:32:22+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy|0 Comments

Fascia Transversalis is the inner outermost layer of the transversus abdominis muscle which is lined by a thin layer of fascia. Anterior and posterior surfaces of each of the three flat muscles is covered by a layer of deep (or investing) fascia. Generally, the layer deep to the transversus abdominis muscle (the transversalis fascia) is [...]

8 08, 2018

Anterior Longitudinal Ligament

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T10:54:37+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Joints and Ligaments|0 Comments

The anterior longitudinal ligament is a strong band located anterior to the vertebral bodies and discs. Structure Along with bodies of remaining cervical vertebrae it expands anterior towards the anterior arch of atlas. It includes long and short fibres and is a strong ligament. The long fibres link over several vertebrae while short [...]

8 08, 2018

Pancreas

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T11:11:09+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Organs|0 Comments

The Pancreas is a soft, delicately lobulated, elongated exo-endocrine gland. It is formed of basically 2 parts: the Exocrine and the Endocrine. The exocrine part secretes the pancreatic juice and the endocrine part secretes the hormones, viz., insulin, etc. The pancreas (in Greek pan: all 1 kreas: flesh) gets its name due to its fleshy [...]

8 08, 2018

Common Hepatic Artery

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-09-12T05:52:45+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Arteries|0 Comments

The common hepatic artery is a medium-sized section of the celiac trunk. It splits within its two concluding sections after it travels towards the right, the hepatic artery proper along with the gastroduodenal artery. The hepatic artery proper rises within the free edge of the lesser omentum towards the liver. It goes to the left [...]

8 08, 2018

Abdominal Aorta

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-09-11T07:35:12+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Arteries|0 Comments

Abdominal Aorta is the main blood vessel in the abdominal cavity. It is the largest blood vessel in the abdomen opposite to the lower border of the T12 vertebra or intervertebral disc between vertebrae T12 and L1 that starts as the continuance of descending thoracic aorta in the aortic orifice of the diaphragm is known [...]

8 08, 2018

Femoral Sheath

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-09-11T09:21:00+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy|0 Comments

Femoral Sheath is the upper 3.75 cm of femoral vessels is enclosed by funnel-shaped fascial sheath. The abdominal cavity and apex unite with the tunica adventitia of the femoral vessels where the base of the femoral sheath is directed towards the upward side. Femoral Sheath The downward prolongation of the fascia transversalis composes the [...]

8 08, 2018

Lumbar Artery

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-09-12T08:32:52+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Arteries|0 Comments

They travel laterally as well as posteriorly above the bodies of the lumbar vertebrae, proceed laterally, going posterior towards the sympathetic trunks and in between the transverse processes of surrounding lumbar vertebrae, and also reach the abdominal wall. There are generally four sets of lumbar arteries emerging from the posterior side of the abdominal aorta. [...]

8 08, 2018

Portal Vein

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-09-12T08:44:18+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Veins|0 Comments

The Portal Vein is a significant venous route [about 3 inches (7.5 cm) in length], which collects blood from (i) abdominal and pelvic parts of the alimentary tract (with the exception of lower part of the anal canal), (ii) gallbladder, (iii) pancreas, and (iv) spleen, and transports it to the liver. The significant features of [...]

8 08, 2018

Cystic Artery

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-09-12T06:00:37+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Arteries|0 Comments

The cystic artery is part of the components of Calots triangle. Origin and Insertion The cystic artery is the main supply towards the gallbladder. Hepatic artery proper is the extension of the common hepatic artery. On the porta hepatis it produces right and left hepatic arteries. In order to supply the gallbladder the right hepatic [...]

8 08, 2018

Inferior Vena Cava (IVC)

By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-09-11T08:29:06+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Abdomen, Anatomy, Veins|0 Comments

Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) is the largest and the broadest vein of the body. Its function is to empty the majority of the blood from the body below the diaphragm into the right atrium of the heart. Inferior Vena Cava Formation, Course and Conclusion The union of left and right common iliac veins [...]