- The right colic artery is the second of the three sections via the right side of the primary trunk of the superior mesenteric artery, proceeding distally around the primary trunk of the superior mesenteric artery.
- It goes to the right in a retroperitoneal position to supply the ascending colon and is an irregular branch.
- The right colic artery splits at the colon, creating a descending artery, which joins with the ileocolic artery along with an ascending artery, which joins with the middle colic artery, after branching out the Superior mesenteric artery.
- Its descending branch supplies the lower part of the ascending colon and its ascending branch supplies the upper part.
- The ascending colon is the area of the large intestine that travels up around the right side of the body. It eliminates water, a few nutrients, and electrolytes via partly absorbed food.
The right colic artery, middle colic artery, and ileocolic artery ultimately come together in a formation called the marginal artery of the colon or the marginal artery of Drummond. This artery runs along the interior border of the colon as well as consists of branches via the left colic artery, which emerges via the inferior mesenteric artery.