📝 Feedback

Cardiovascular System

Human Blood Types – Importance And Blood Typing Antigens & Antibodies In Abo & Rh Blood Type.

Several different blood types occur in humans. The most familiar ones involve the ABO blood group (types A, B, AB, and O) and the Rh blood group (Rh+ and Rh-). Blood types are classified by the presence or absence of certain antigens, which are glycoproteins and glyco-

Maintenance of Blood Plasma Composition

The composition and volume of blood plasma are affected by diet, cellular metabolism, and urine production. The intake of food and liquids provides the body with water and a variety of nutrients, including minerals, that are absorbed into the blood. Cellular metabolism uses nutrients and produces waste

Cardiac Electrophysiology

Cardiac Electrophysiology is defined as the study of diagnosing, and treating the electrical activities of the heart. Doctors use electrophysiology tests to understand the nature of abnormal heart. Cardiac tissue has distinctive electrical characteristics. Intercalated disks allow action potentials to pass to adjacent cells. Myocardial cells can

Cardiovascular Adaptations – Fetal Cardiovascular Adaptations and Postnatal Cardiovascular Changes

Fetal circulation is quite different from adult circulation because the digestive tract, lungs, and kidneys are not functioning. Oxygen and nutrients are obtained from the maternal blood in the placenta, while carbon dioxide and other metabolic wastes are removed via the maternal blood. The pattern of fetal

Myocardial Physiology

Myocardial cells have distinctive anatomic and physiologic characteristics. Under a microscope, striations are visible owing to the arrangement of actin and myosin as in skeletal muscle. T tubules increase the contact area of the cell membrane and extracellular fluid space. At rest, cardiac muscle obtains 99% of

Trusted By The World’s Best