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Latissimus Dorsi

Latissimus dorsi (lat) is a large, flat triangular muscle which is also the widest muscle in the human body. It begins in the lower portion of the back and tapers as it ascends to a narrow tendon that attaches to the humerus anteriorly. Due to which the

Costovertebral Joints

The Costovertebral joints are created by articulation of articular facets on the head of ribs and costal facets on the bodies of thoracic vertebrae. The head of typical rib articulates with the body of numerically corresponding vertebra and also with the body of next higher vertebra. Type Synovial

Ligamenta Flava

The posterior margins of the two portions touch and to a specific degree combined, small periods being left for the passage of small vessels. Each ligament includes two lateral portions which begin one on either side of the roots of the articular processes, and expand backwards to

Dens (Odontoid Process)

The dens is a protuberance (process or projection) of the C2 vertebra or axis which is also called the odontoid process. It is the most prominent feature of the c2 vertebra. It has a small contraction where it connects with the main body of the vertebra. It is originally made up

Costotransverse Joints

The tubercle articulates with all the transverse process of the numerically corresponding vertebra to create a synovial joint. It’s absent in 11th and 12th ribs.   Type Plane type of synovial joint. Ligaments Capsular ligament (joint capsule): It’s thin fibrous sac enclosing the joint. Superior costotransverse ligament:

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