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Reproductive System

Female Reproductive System – Locations and Functions of the Female Reproductive Organs

The female reproductive system produces female sex hormones and female sex cells and transports the sex cells to a site where they may unite with sperm. In addition, the female reproductive system provides a suitable environment for the development of the embryo and fetus and is actively

Hormonal Control of Reproduction in Females – The Ovarian and Menstrual Cycles

Reproduction in females is controlled by hormones produced by the hypothalamus, anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, and ovaries. Female Sex Hormones The ovaries produce the two major groups of female sex hormones-estrogens and progesterone-plus inhibin, which aids estrogens in exerting an inhibitory effect on the anterior

Various Methods of Birth Control Work

Birth control methods may be categorized into several groups based on their mode of action: hormonal, chemical and behavioral contraceptive methods, anti-implantation devices, sterilization, and induced abortion. Contraception Contraception is the prevention of conception, which is the union of sperm nucleus and ovum nucleus. Contraceptive methods are

Disorders of the Reproductive Systems

Male Disorders Prostatitis is acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland and is often associated with tenderness and enlargement of the prostate. It is usually caused by bacteria in connection with urinary tract infections or sexually transmitted diseases. It also occurs without a known cause. Benign

The Processes of Fertilization, Preembryonic Development and Implantation

Each primary oocyte undergoes the first meiotic division while still in the ovarian follicle. This division forms a secondary oocyte and the first polar body, each containing 23 chromosomes. At ovulation, the secondary oocyte and first polar body, still enclosed within a sphere of granulosa cells, are

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