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Reproductive System

Fetal Development Stages

At the beginning of the ninth week of development, the developing offspring has a distinctively human appearance and is now referred to as a fetus. Weeks of Development Changes 5-8 Weeks Recognizable human shape; head as large as the body; eyes far apart; upper and lower limbs

Hormonal Control of Pregnancy

Without the formation of a preembryo, the corpus luteum degenerates about two weeks after ovulation as a result of the decline in luteinizing hormone from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The resulting decline in blood levels of estrogens and progesterone causes the endometrium to break

Lactation – The Control of Lactation and Milk Ejection

High blood levels of estrogens and progesterone during pregnancy stimulate the development of the mammary glands and enlargement of the breasts in preparation for milk secretion, or lactation (lak-ta’-shun). Although the mammary glands are capable of secreting milk, the high levels of estrogens and progesterone inhibit the

Male Reproductive System – Locations and Functions of the Male Reproductive Organs

The primary functions of the male reproductive system are the production of male sex hormones, the formation of sperm, and the placement of sperm in the female reproductive tract, where one sperm can unite with a female sex cell. The organs of the male reproductive system include

Male Sexual Response

In the absence of sexual stimulation, the vascular sinusoids in the erectile tissue of the penis contain a small amount of blood and the penis is flaccid (flak’-sid), or soft. Sexual stimulation initiates parasympathetic nerve impulses that cause the dilation of the arterioles and constriction of the

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