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Head and Neck

Parietal lobe

The parietal lobe is one of the four lobes of the cerebrum which and it lies posterior to the central sulcus and above the lateral sulcus. It is the major centre for reception and evaluation of all sensory information except smell, hearing and vision. In the parietal

Levator Scapulae Muscle

The levator scapulae muscle is an elongated muscle present in the shoulder girdle. It acts as a connection between the upper limb and the vertebral column and can be located in the posterior triangle of the neck. Sternocleidomastoid covers the superior aspect of the levator scapulae whereas its

Osteology of the Head and Neck

The study of osteology (bony skeleton) of head and neck creates the foundation to understand this region. The skeleton of head and neck includes skull, cervical vertebrae and hyoid bone. The pupils should study the skull and cervical vertebrae extensively linking their principal features to the bony


The soft tissues covering the vault of skull are called scalp. External occipital protuberance and nuchal lines are the source from where the scalp extends to the supraorbital margins.” Extent It goes anteriorly up to the eyebrows (superciliary arches), laterally on every side up to superior temporal

Craniovertebral Joints

These joints take place between occipital condyles, atlas and axis. All these joints are superbly adapted for eye and head coordination and serve as a universal joint and together allow horizontal and vertical scanning movements of the head. The craniovertebral joints contain: Atlanto-occipital joints. Atlantoaxial joints. Atlanto-Occipital

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