The study of osteology (bony skeleton) of head and neck creates the foundation to understand this region. The skeleton of head and neck includes skull, cervical vertebrae and hyoid bone. The pupils should study the skull and cervical vertebrae extensively linking their principal features to the bony points which can be felt in a living individual. The bulges and depressions on the bony surface are landmarks for attachments of the muscles, tendons and ligaments. The openings in the bone are also landmarks where different nerves and blood vessels go into or depart.