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Bones and Cartilages

Palatine Bone

There are two palatine bones. Every palatine bone is lodged between the pterygoid process of sphenoid bone behind and the maxilla in front. 2 palatine bones create the posterior one-third of the hard palate that is why it is called palatine bone.   Parts The palatine bone

Occipital Condyle

The rounded occipital condyles are located at each anterolateral border of the foramen magnum. Structure A recession called the condylar fossa enclosing a condylar canal is located posterior towards each condyle and the large hypoglossal canal is located anteriorly and superiorly towards each condyle. A large, uneven


It is a thin quadrilateral plate of bone, which creates the posteroinferior part of the nasal septum. Parts The vomer presents these features: 4 edges 2 lateral surfaces Border The 4 border are as follows: Between both diverging alae, the superior border is thick and grooved. The

Occipital Bone – Basilar Part/Basiocciput

The basilar part of occipital bone is located directly posterior towards the body of the sphenoid in the midline. It spreads out posteriorly towards the foramen magnum and via the temporal bones is bounded laterally. The pharyngeal tubercle is protuberant on the basilar portion of the occipital

Hyoid Bone

Not really a part of the skull, this U-shaped bone lies in the very front of the neck between the mandible and the larynx in the level of the third cervical vertebra. It’s exceptional in the meaning that, it’s suspended from styloid processes of temporal bones by

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