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Phalanges

There are 14 Phalanges in each foot; 2 for the great toe and 3 for each of the other toes. As compared to the phalanges of the hand, these are much smaller in size, and the shafts particularly of the first row are compressed from side to side. Otherwise their arrangement and features are similar in the two limbs.

Attachments

1. On Bases of Distal Phalanges

2. On shaft and Bases of Middle Phalanges

  • Flexor digitorum brevis on each side of the shaft on plantar surface; and extensor expansion on the dorsal surface.

3. On Bases of Proximal Phalanges

4. The fibrous flexor sheath is attached to the margins of the proximal and middle phalanges of the lateral four toes

Ossification

Phalanx ossifies by one primary centre for the shaft which appears in tenth week of foetal life. The single secondary centre appears in the base. It appears in the proximal phalanx in second year, middle phalanx in third year and in distal phalanx in the sixth year. These fuse with the respective shafts by eighteenth year. The big toe has two phalanges and their secondary centres appear in second and third years to fuse with shaft in 18th year.

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By Dr. Joseph H Volker | 2018-08-30T11:00:44+00:00 August 8th, 2018|Anatomy, Bones and Cartilages, Lower Limb|0 Comments