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Bones and Cartilages

Cuneiform Bones

Common Features There are three cuneiform bones, medial, intermediate and lateral. The medial cuneiform is the largest and the intermediate cuneiform, the smallest. As their name suggests, these are wedge-shaped bones. In the medial cuneiform, the edge of the wedge forms the dorsal surface. In the intermediate


There are 14 Phalanges in each foot; 2 for the great toe and 3 for each of the other toes. As compared to the phalanges of the hand, these are much smaller in size, and the shafts particularly of the first row are compressed from side to

Sesamoid Bones

These are located at the following sites: 1. The patella is, by far the largest sesamoid bone. 2. There is one sesamoid bone in the tendon the peroneus longus. It articulates with the cuboid. 3. Sesamoid bones may be present in the tendons of the tibialis anterior,


The Femur is the longest and strongest bone of the body, present in the thigh (Latin femur = thigh). It’s around 18 inches (45 long), i.e., about quarter of the height of the individual. At the upper end it articulates with the hip bone to create the

Sesamoid Bone

Sesamoid bones are small somewhat spherical masses embedded in particular tendons and typically associated with joint surfaces. The term sesamoid is used particularly for small nodular foci composed of bone, cartilage, or both of these that are shaped like a sesame seed. Sesamoid bones are supplied by

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