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Bones and Cartilages


The Femur is the longest and strongest bone of the body, present in the thigh (Latin femur = thigh). It’s around 18 inches (45 long), i.e., about quarter of the height of the individual. At the upper end it articulates with the hip bone to create the


The Calcaneus is the largest tarsal bone. It forms the prominence of the heel. Its long axis is directed forwards, upwards and laterally. It is roughly cuboidal and has six surfaces. Side Determination The anterior surface is small and bears a concavoconvex articular facet for the cuboid.

The Third Metatarsal

Its body, which is prismatic and also triangular, as well as a little rounded inwards at its anterior part, provides a convex superior surface, split into two sections by a prominent line, which offers connection to the second as well as third dorsal interosseous muscles; two lateral

Patella (Knee Cap)

  The Patella is the largest sesamoid bone, seen in the tendon of quadriceps femoris. It’s situated in front of the knee joint, thus it’s also termed knee cap. It’s a flattened and triangular bone with all the base facing upward, and the apex downward. Its anterior

Navicular Bone

The Navicular Bone is boat-shaped. It is situated on the medial side of the foot, in front of the head of the talus, and behind the three cuneiform bones. Side Determination The anterior surface is convex, is divided into three facets for the three cuneiform bones. The

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