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Bones and Cartilages


The Femur is the longest and strongest bone of the body, present in the thigh (Latin femur = thigh). It’s around 18 inches (45 long), i.e., about quarter of the height of the individual. At the upper end it articulates with the hip bone to create the

Sesamoid Bone

Sesamoid bones are small somewhat spherical masses embedded in particular tendons and typically associated with joint surfaces. The term sesamoid is used particularly for small nodular foci composed of bone, cartilage, or both of these that are shaped like a sesame seed. Sesamoid bones are supplied by

Patella (Knee Cap)

  The Patella is the largest sesamoid bone, seen in the tendon of quadriceps femoris. It’s situated in front of the knee joint, thus it’s also termed knee cap. It’s a flattened and triangular bone with all the base facing upward, and the apex downward. Its anterior

Bones of The Lower Limb

Each lower limb contains 31 bones: Hip bone/innominate bone the bone of gluteal region (1). Femur, the bone of thigh (1). Patella or knee cap (1). Tibia and fibula, the bones of leg (2). Tarsal bones (7). Metatarsals (5) Phalanges, (14). Femur The femur, or thigh bone,

Tibia (Shinbone)

The Tibia is the second largest bone within the body situated on the medial side in the leg. The tibia is the pre-axial bone and homologous with the lateral bone of the forearm, the radius. It carries weight of the body from femur to the foot. Parts

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