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Joints and Ligaments

Costovertebral Joints

The Costovertebral joints are created by articulation of articular facets on the head of ribs and costal facets on the bodies of thoracic vertebrae. The head of typical rib articulates with the body of numerically corresponding vertebra and also with the body of next higher vertebra. Type Synovial

Costotransverse Joints

The tubercle articulates with all the transverse process of the numerically corresponding vertebra to create a synovial joint. It’s absent in 11th and 12th ribs.   Type Plane type of synovial joint. Ligaments Capsular ligament (joint capsule): It’s thin fibrous sac enclosing the joint. Superior costotransverse ligament:

Intervertebral Joints

The Intervertebral Joints are created: Between the bodies of the vertebrae Between the articular processes of the vertebra Joints Between The Bodies Of The Vertebrae Thin plates of hyaline cartilages cover the inferior and superior surfaces of the adjacent vertebral bodies, which then are linked by fibrocartilaginous

Ligamenta Flava

The posterior margins of the two portions touch and to a specific degree combined, small periods being left for the passage of small vessels. Each ligament includes two lateral portions which begin one on either side of the roots of the articular processes, and expand backwards to

Zygapophyseal Joints (Facet Joints)

Zygapophyseal Joints are joints that are located in the middle of the superior and inferior articular processes of adjacent vertebrae. Structural resistance to anterior shear forces in the lumbar segments is given by the shape of the zygapophyseal joints, the zygapophyseal joint capsules, the fibers of the

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