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Joints and Ligaments

Ligamenta Flava

The posterior margins of the two portions touch and to a specific degree combined, small periods being left for the passage of small vessels. Each ligament includes two lateral portions which begin one on either side of the roots of the articular processes, and expand backwards to

Zygapophyseal Joints (Facet Joints)

Zygapophyseal Joints are joints that are located in the middle of the superior and inferior articular processes of adjacent vertebrae. Structural resistance to anterior shear forces in the lumbar segments is given by the shape of the zygapophyseal joints, the zygapophyseal joint capsules, the fibers of the

Interspinous Ligaments

The interspinous ligaments receive an innervation from the medial branches of the lumbar dorsal rami. The interspinous ligament is a striking source of low back pain. It has a fan like shape with the narrow point of the fan blending with ligamentum flavum. Structure The interspinous ligaments

Costovertebral Joints

The Costovertebral joints are created by articulation of articular facets on the head of ribs and costal facets on the bodies of thoracic vertebrae. The head of typical rib articulates with the body of numerically corresponding vertebra and also with the body of next higher vertebra. Type Synovial

Costotransverse Joints

The tubercle articulates with all the transverse process of the numerically corresponding vertebra to create a synovial joint. It’s absent in 11th and 12th ribs.   Type Plane type of synovial joint. Ligaments Capsular ligament (joint capsule): It’s thin fibrous sac enclosing the joint. Superior costotransverse ligament:

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