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Dividing is splitting something into equal groups or parts. Division is a basic arithmetic operation just like multiplication, addition and subtraction. Division can also be defined as a calculating that how many times a number is contained with another one.

Example: 16 pieces of candy has to be divided into 4 children. So,

16 ÷ 4 = 4

Every child will get 4 candy if we split the candies equally.

(÷) is the symbol of division. It can also be shown with (/).

Names in Division

In division, special names are allotted to each number.

Dividend ÷ divisor = quotient

4 ÷ 2 = 1

Here 4 is the dividend 2 is the divisor and 1 is the quotient.

Sometimes the division is not that simple, and the number is not divided perfectly. So the left over number or the remaining number is called remainder.

Example: If we have to distribute 9 chocolates into 4 kids.

9 ÷ 4 = 2 and 1 is left.

So that 1 left over chocolate will be called as remainder.

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