The study of bones of the upper limb is important to understand the general topography of the upper limb and the attachment of various muscles and ligaments. The students must read the features and attachments of the bones before undertaking the study of the upper limb.

The study of bones also helps to understand the position of various articulations, wide range of the movements executed by the upper limb and the genesis of various fractures, which are common in the upper limb bones.

Each upper limb contains 32 bones


Bones (Number)

Shoulder region 

  • Clavicle (1)
  • Scapula (1)


  • Humerus (1)


  • Radius (2)
  • Ulna


  • Carpal bones (8)
  • Metacarpal bones (5)
  • Phalanges (14)