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Bones and Cartilages

Coccyx

Coccyx or tailbone is a small, triangular bone created by the fusion of 4 vestigial coccygeal vertebrae, which increasingly reduce in size from above downward. At the level of the upper border of the pubic symphysis, the tip of coccyx is located. In the natal cleft, the

Hip Bone (Os Coxae, Os Innominatum)

The Hip Bone is a large unusual flat bone in the region of hip. The hip bone is created by the fusion of 3 primary bones- the ilium, the ischium, and the pubis. Parts of Hip Bone The hip bone presents upper and lower increased parts and

Ilium

The Ilium or flank forms the upper expanded plate like part of the hip bone. Its lower part forms the upper two-fifths of the acetabulum. The ilium has the following:he ilium or flank forms the upper expanded plate like part of the hip bone. Its lower part

Pubis

It forms the anteroinferior part of the hip bone and the anterior one-fifth of the acetabulum, forms the anterior boundaiy of the obturator foramen. It has (1) a body anteriorly, (2) a superior ramus super-olaterally, and (3) an inferior ramus inferolaterally. Body of Pubis This is flattened

Ischium

The ischium is located laterally and interiorly to both of the ilium as well as the pubis and creates the posteroinferior part of the os coxa. When an individual is sitting up upright, a person sits on the ischial tuberosities and instead of the legs this bone

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