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Bones and Cartilages

Gynecoid Pelvis

The birth passage is made up of three parts, the pelvic inlet, pelvic cavity, and the pelvic outlet. The bony pelvis can be classified into four types: Gynecoid   Android   Anthropoid Platypelloid Among them, the gynecoid type of pelvis is the most commonly found and has

Pelvic Girdle – Coxal Bones

The pelvic girdle consists of two coxal bones, or hip bones, that support the attachment of the lower limbs. The coxal bones articulate with the sacrum posteriorly and with each other anteriorly to form an almost rigid, bony pelvis (plural, pelves).     Coxal Bones Each coxal bone is formed

Ischiopubic Ramus

The external surface of the ischiopubic ramus anterior gives connection towards muscles of the medial section of the thigh, towards the ischial tuberosity along with the body of the pubis. Adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, pectineus, and gracilis are among those muscles. Attachments and Surfaces The

Lumbar Vertebrae

Lumbar Vertebrae are the five individual cylindrical bones that form the shape of the spine in the lower back.The components contained by the lumbar vertebrae are same as the thoracic vertebrae but to carry the greater load, these components are gigantic. There are 5 lumbar vertebrae out


Sacrum is termed as a large flattened triangular/ wedge shaped bone created by the fusion of 5 sacral vertebrae. The sacrum articulates on either side with all the hip bone to create the sacroiliac joint. Sacrum has the following functions: Sacrum Creates posterior part of the bony

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