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Bones and Cartilages

Vertebral Column – Superior Articular Processes, Inferior Articular Processes and Articular Facet

The vertebral column can be studied easily by comparing and contrasting the regions, numbers and the types of vertebrae namely cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae within the vertebral column. The vertebral column is comprised of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal vertebrae. The cervical vertebra

Sternum

The Sternum or Breast Bone is a long flat bone, which is enlarged about 7 cm long. It is located in the anterior median part of the chest wall.   Parts The sternum is composed of the following 3 parts: Upper part, the manubrium sterni/episternum Middle part,

The Ribs

The ribs stretches posteriorly from thoracic vertebrae to the anterior lateral edges of the sternum. They are ribbon like, elastic bony arches and flat in shape. Coastal cartilages are joined to the anterior ends. The costal cartilage and ribs together makes the costa. Also the large part

Bones of Thorax

The huge part of theĀ thoracic cageĀ is created by the bones of theĀ thoraxĀ and also it protects and supports to viscera (example, heart andĀ lungs) which is located inside the thoracic cavity. The thoracic cage is featured to be active, but also dynamic at the same time as it keeps

False Ribs

The three pairs of ribs 8, 9 and 10 are referred to as false ribs. They are just like the true ribs that are connected to the spine at the back. The main difference in true ribs and false ribs is that the false ribs attach at

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