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Skeletal System

Disorders of The Skeletal System, Bones and Joints

Common disorders of the skeletal system may be categorised as disorders of bones or disorders of joints. Orthopaedics (or-tho-pe-diks) is the branch of medicine that specialises in treating diseases and abnormalities of the skeletal system.   Disorders of Bones Fractures are broken bones. Fractures are the most

Deciduous And Permanent Teeth and Structure of a Tooth

Teeth are important accessory digestive structures that mechanically break food into smaller pieces during mastication (mas-ti-ka’-shun), or chewing. Humans develop two sets of teeth: deciduous and permanent teeth. The deciduous teeth, the first set, start to erupt through the gums at about six months of age. Central

Transmission of force in the Upper Limb

The pectoral girdle on both the side is composed of two bones: clavicle and scapula, it is the clavicle joint only which is connected to the rest of skeleton by a small joint (the sternoclavicular joint). The acromioclavicular joint is more smaller joint that connects both the

The Gross and Microscopic structure of a Long and a Flat Bone

There are approximately 206 bones in an adult and each bone is an organ composed of a number of tissues. Bone tissue forms the bulk of each bone and consists of both living cells and a nonliving matrix formed primarily of calcium salts. Other tissues include cartilage,

Ossification – Intramembranous and Endochondral Ossification and Their Functions

The process of bone formation is called ossification (os-i-fi-ka’-shun). It begins during the sixth or seventh week of embryonic development. Bones are formed by the replacement of existing connective tissues with bone. There are two types of bone formation: intramembranous ossification and endochondral ossification. In both types

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