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A cylinder is a basic solid geometric shape, which is formed by the points at a fixed distance from axis of the cylinder. It is a very basic and common shape which can be seen in day to day life. A cylinder has two ends called bases which are circular in shape.

Properties of Cylinder

  • Both the ends or bases are flat.
  • The cylinder is a symmetrical throughout its height.
  • Cylinder has one curved side.

Surface Area of Cylinder

Surface area of circular ends = π × r² × 2

Surface area of side = 2 × π × r × h

So the surface area of cylinder will be,

S.A = 2 × π × r × (r + h)

Here, (r) is the radius of the base and (h) is the height of cyinder

Volume of Cylinder

Volume of sphere is given by the formula,

Volume = π × r² × h

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