The pubofemoral ligament is a triangular ligament along with base overhead and apex underneath. It is triangular fit, along with its own base connected medially to the iliopubic prominence, adjacent bone, and obturator membrane. Laterally, pubofemoral ligamnet mixes along with the fibrous layer and along with the deep surface of the iliofemoral ligament. The pubofemoral ligament is anteroinferior to the hip joint.
Structure of Pubofemoral Ligament
The pubofemoral ligament is made up of a singular fiber strap. Because of its slender structure, pubofemoral ligamnet is fairly delicate and injury-prone. It has a slender, triangular shape.
Attachment of Pubofemoral Ligament
The pubofemoral ligament is triangular fit and envelops the joint inferomedially.
It mixes along with the capsular ligament and along with the deep element of the medial strap of the iliofemoral ligament.
Connected to the iliopubic prominence, superior ramus of the pubis and to the obturator crest
Relations of Hip Joint
Lateral to Medial
- Straight head of rectus femoris
- Iliacus muscle
- Lateral fibers of the pectineus
- Tendons of the ilio-psoas separated via the joint by a bursa
- Femoral vein lies on the pectineus muscle
- Femoral artery lies on the tendon of psoas significant
- Between the iliacus and the psoas significant Femoral nerve lies in the groove
- Tendon of the obturator externus covered by the quadriceps femoris
- Obturator internus and gemelli
- Sciatic nerve.
- The gluteus maximus.
- Reflected head of the rectus femoris which is covered by the gluteus minimus (in the medial side).
- Gluteus medius (in the lateral side).
- Gluteus maximus (partially).
- Obturator externus.
- Lateral fibers of the pectineus.
- Adductor longus.
- Adductor brevis.
- Adductor magnus.
- Hamstring muscles.
Functions of Pubofemoral Ligament
- The pubofemoral ligament supports the hip joint.
- It avoids the joint via going beyond its typical variety of motion, front-to- back and side-to-side.
- It likewise restricts external rotation of the joint. However, other ligaments play a more vital function in restricting the external rotation and extension of the hip.
- The pubofemoral ligament is thought about to be a supporting component of the joint capsule. It strengthens the inferior and anterior capsule.
- Blending along with the inferior strap of the iliofemoral ligament, it ranges from the iliopubic prominence and superior pubic ramus to the lower part of the intertrochanteric line.
- The capsule is at its thinnest in between the iliofeethical and pubofemoral ligaments. However, it is crossed here by the tendon of iliopsoas.
- In between the tendon and the capsule is the psoas bursa, which generally interacts along with the joint cavity through an aperture in this part of the capsule.