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Palmaris Longus

It emerges primarily through the medial epicondyle of the humerus by the common flexor tendon. It also emerges via the surrounding intermuscular septa as well as through the antebrachial fascia.

Interactive Anatomical Interface

Highlight
biceps brachii (long head)
Biceps brachii (short head)
Brachioradialis
flexor carpi radialis
palmaris longus
pronator teres
brachialis
Flexor digitorum superficialis
Extensor carpi radialis longus
Supinator
pronator teres
flexor pollicis longus
coracobrachialis
Tricep brachii (long head)
extensor carpi radialis brevis
extensor digitorum
flexor digitorum profundus
flexor carpi ulnaris
Deltoid
Subscapularis
Teres Major
Teres Minor

Highlight
biceps brachii (long head)
Biceps brachii (short head)
Brachioradialis
flexor carpi radialis
palmaris longus
pronator teres
brachialis
Flexor digitorum superficialis
Extensor carpi radialis longus
Supinator
pronator teres

Highlight
flexor pollicis longus
coracobrachialis
Tricep brachii (long head)
extensor carpi radialis brevis
extensor digitorum
flexor digitorum profundus
flexor carpi ulnaris
Deltoid
Subscapularis
Teres Major
Teres Minor
Highlight
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
deltoid
teres minor
teres major
triceps brachii (lateral head)
"biceps brachii
brachialis
triceps brachii (medial head)
brachioradialis
extensor carpi radialis longus
extensor carpi radialis brevis
abductor pollicis longus
extensor digitorum
extensor carpi ulnaris
anconeus
flexor carpi ulnaris
Dorsal interosseus
coracobrachialis
supinator
abductor pollicis longus
extensor pollicis longus
extensor indicis
flexor digitorum profondus
flexor digitorum superficialis
extensor digiti minimi

Highlight
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
deltoid
teres minor
teres major
triceps brachii (lateral head)
biceps brachii
brachialis
triceps brachii (medial head)
brachioradialis
extensor carpi radialis longus
extensor carpi radialis brevis
abductor pollicis longus

Highlight
extensor digitorum
extensor carpi ulnaris
anconeus
flexor carpi ulnaris
Dorsal interosseus
coracobrachialis
supinator
abductor pollicis longus
extensor pollicis longus
extensor indicis
flexor digitorum profondus
flexor digitorum superficialis
extensor digiti minimi

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Palmaris Longus Muscle

Palmaris Longus Muscle

Insertion

Its long cord-like tendon connects towards its distal portion and also connects the apex of palmar aponeurosis and travels superficial towards the flexor retinaculum. The palmaris longus muscle is located among the flexor carpi ulnaris along with the flexor carpi radialis muscles and it is missing in approximately 15% of the human population. It is a spindle-shaped muscle including a long tendon, which enters the hand and connects to the flexor retinaculum and also to a broad layer of deep fascia, the palmar aponeurosis, which underlies and is connected to the skin of the palm as well as fingers. The palmaris longus muscle even resists shearing impacts at the skin of the palm at the time of gripping, along with its function as a supplement flexor of the wrist joint.

Features

  • The palmar aponeurosis stands for the distal portion of the tendon of palmaris longus. The palmaris longus bears a resemblance to the plantaris muscle at the back of the leg. Morphologically, palmaris longus is a weakening muscle having small short belly along with a long tendon.
  • It is missing in one or both sides within nearly 10% of individuals, usually on the left side, but its activities are not missed. Therefore, its tendon is usually utilized by surgeons for tendon grafting.

Nerve Supply

It is innervated through the median nerve with root value C8 via the medial as well as lateral cords of the brachial plexus. The skin above the muscle is innervated through roots C7 along with T1.

Palmaris Longus Muscle

Palmaris Longus Muscle

Action

Palmaris longus is an unsteady flexor of the wrist. But, it can have minor activity in flexing the metacarpophalangeal joints when it contracts the palmar fascia, due to its connection to the palmar aponeurosis.

Palpation

The tendon is located at the medial side of that of flexor carpi radialis. The tendon of palmaris longus may be detected just proximal towards the wrist, specifically where it is the most central framework while flexion of the wrist is resisted.

Clinical Significance

Whenever a tendon gets ruptured within the wrist, the palmaris longus tendon may be extracted via the flexor retinaculum and implanted to replace the ruptured tendon. The tendons most generally changed or augmented via the palmaris longus tendon whenever disrupted are the long flexors of the fingers along with the flexor pollicis longus tendon. The palmaris longus muscle is the most popular for use within tendon grafts for the wrist because of the length as well as diameter of the palmaris longus tendon, and because it may be utilized without creating any operational defects.


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By | 2018-02-01T07:04:12+00:00 October 4th, 2017|Anatomy, Muscles, Upper Limb|0 Comments