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Low Back Pain – Causes, Symptoms, Measures,Treatment and Prognosis

More Working Days Are Lost As A Result Of Low Back Pain Than To Any Other Medical Condition – It Changes Around 3 In 5 Grownups.

Low back pain appears in the back below the waistline and it may be abrupt and sharp or constant and dull; it may radiate down to the buttock and then down the rear of the leg to the sole of the foot.

Generally low back pain continues for just weekly or so, but many folks find the issue recurs unless they change their lifestyle and the manner in which they perform day-to-day tasks. In a minority of individuals, constant low back pain causes long-term impairment.

Low back pain is generally due to slight damage to the ligaments and muscles in the back secondary to mild harm (e.g. a wrench), overexertion (e.g. noticing the garden) or lumbar spondylosis (the natural ageing process of the spinal column). The lower back is exposed to these issues because it supports much of the body’s weight and is under constant stress from movement for example bending and twisting. Less commonly, low back pain may be on account of an inherent

Illness for example a prolapsed or herniated (slipped) disk in the back.

What Are The Causes?

Low back pain may come on suddenly (acute) or grow slowly over a span of weeks. If the pain continues it’s described as long-term.


Abrupt back pain is frequently due to lifting or moving heavy items, like furniture, and is because of strained muscle or tendon. The harm may be aggravated by following action. Generally, symptoms subside within 2-14 days.


  • Back pain that tends to be more consistent is frequently due to bad posture, for example while sitting at a desk or driving an automobile, or by excessive muscle tension due to mental stress.
  • In back pain in pregnancy there are two variables at work – changes in position due to the extra weight of the infant and softening of the ligaments supporting the spine due to high levels of pregnancy hormones.
  • In individuals over age 45, constant low back pain is due to osteoarthritis of the backbone, while in younger individuals the joints of the backbone may be affected by ankylosing spondylitis.
  • Pain from compression of the nerve root is due to a prolapsed disk or spondyioflii applying pressure on a spinal nerve. Back pain of this sort may have a slow or abrupt onset and is usually accompanied by sciatica, a disorder where acute pain shoots down the back of one or, infrequently, both legs.
  • Bust pain may seldom come from the bone itself, for example, where cancer has spread to bone from a tumour elsewhere in the body.
  • Illnesses affecting the pelvic organs can cause pain in the lower back. Examples are pelvic inflammatory disease and kidnev illness. Peptic ulcers and gallbladder disorder can cause “sent” pain that’s felt in the back.

What Are The Symptoms?

Low back pain can take various kinds. You may experience:

  • a sharp pain localized to a small region of the back
  • a more general aching pain in the back and buttocks, made worse by sitting and alleviated by standing
  • back stiffness and pain on bending
  • pain in the back that radiates to the buttock, leg and foot, occasionally accompanied by numbness or tingling.

What Can I Do?

Usually, you should have the ability to treat low back pain yourself.

  • An over the counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) should reduce the pain, and a heating pad or wrapped hot water bottle or occasionally ice set against your back may provide added relief.
  • If the pain is intense, you might be more comfy resting in bed, but you shouldn’t remain in bed for more than two days. Begin moving around as soon as possible and slowly return to regular activities.
  • If the pain worsens or is still too intense to permit you to move around after a couple of days it is recommended for you to consult your doctor.
  • Once the pain has subsided, you can assist in preventing any returns by paying attention to your position, learning to lift right and doing routine exercises to reinforce the muscles of your back and make your spine more flexible.

What Might The Physician Do?

  • Your physician will do a complete physical examination to evaluate your position, the range of motion in your back, and any places of local tenderness.
  • Your reflexes, the strength of distinct leg muscles, and the sense in your legs will be examined to try to find signs of pressure on spinal nerves or the spinal cord.

A pelvic or rectal examination are often performed to rule out disorders of the internal organs. You may have various blood tests and X rays to search for underlying causes of the pain, for example joint inflammation or bone cancer.

  • If there’s signs of pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerves, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or CT (computerized tomography) scan may be done to find abnormalities needing specific treatment, including a prolapsed or herniated disc.

What Is The Treatment?

Unless the physical examination and other tests suggest there is a serious underlying cause for your back pain, your physician will likely advise you to continue taking a non¬steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

You might be given physiotherapy to marshal stiff and painful joints between the vertebrae. A local anaesthetic combined with a corticosteroid may be injected into the painful places. Osteopathy may be successful for treating low back pain and an osteopath is worth consulting. Nevertheless, chiropractic is less successful.

What Is The Prognosis?

You may believe your low back pain won’t ever get better but even the worst attacks do, specified time. Most clear up without any special treatment, but the issue recurs in many individuals unless variables including bad posture or manners of lifting are enhanced.

In a few individuals, low back pain may be a longstanding state, seriously disturbing their work and social life and occasionally resulting in depression. Powerful pain control is vital in these scenarios, and many people find that taking the newer antidepressants, SSRIs, helps them manage and let’s stressed muscles to relax.

Once you’ve “a back” you’ll consistently have a back. As we get old, episodes of pain may get more serious and take longer to work out but with heat, back-strengthening exercises, painkillers and physiotherapy most resolution after several months. Taking caution with position, sitting and moving or lifting heavy weights should be part of our lives.

Self Help: Preventing Back Pain

Most people have experienced back pain at some time in their own lives, but in many instances the issue could have been prevented. Back pain is frequently due to poor posture, weak stomach or back muscles, or abrupt muscle pull. You can enhance your position by wearing comfy shoes, by standing or sitting with your back correctly aligned, and by selecting a supporting mattress for your bed. Mild, routine exercises may strengthen stomach and back muscles, and losing extra weight may alleviate stress on joints and muscles. Learning the best way to perform physical tasks safely, including lifting and carrying things, can prevent back strain. Request your physician or physical therapist for advice on posture, exercises and diet.

Proper body position

To bust poor postural habits, you should be always alert to the manner in which you stand, sit, go and even sleep. The images on the left show the best way to perform regular tasks comfortably, with minimal strain in your spine and back muscles.

Driving posture: Angle your seat back a little so it supports your back, and place the seat so you could instruct the hand and foot controls readily.

Sitting posture: Sit with your back straight and both feet on the floor. Use a seat that supports the small of your back. When using a computer, place the computer screen in order to look straight at it.

Lifting an item

When lifting, pushing or pulling a heavy item, keep the item close to you so you can use your full strength to transfer it. To lift an item, hold the bottom border so that you support the total weight of the item, and keep your body balanced as you lift to prevent straining your back.

1. Squat close to the item with your weight equally on both feet and the thing between your legs. Take the foundation of the item.

2. Keep your back straight and lean forwards somewhat. Stand up in one, easy motion, pushing yourself up with your leg muscles and keeping the object close to you.

3. After you’re erect, keep the weight close to your body. Keep your back straight and head up, so that your body is balanced over its centre of gravity.

Lifting posture: Keep your back straight and hold the item to be lifted as close to your body as possible. Use the muscles of your legs, not your back, to lift the thing.

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