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Organs

Transverse Colon

Transverse colon is the longest (20 inch/50cm in length) and most active part of the large intestine. It stretches via the right colic flexure (in right lumbar region) to the left colic flexure (in the left hypochondriac region). Transverse colon is not transverse however creates a reliant

Ileum

The ileum is primarily in the right lower quarter and comprises the distal three-filths of the small intestine. Compared to the jejunum, the ileum has thinner walls, few and less prominent mucosal folds (plicae circulares) shorter vasa recta, more mesenteric fat, and more arterial arcades. Structure Where

Jejunum

The jejunum is middle part of the small intestine in humans and most higher vertebrates. It lies between duodenum and the ileum. The jejunum arises from the duodenojejunal flexur. Structure The wall structure of the small intestine includes four layers. From inside to outside, these are: Mucosa

Stomach

The Stomach is the part of the alimentary canal between the esophagus and the duodenum. It is the widest and most distensible part. Synonyms: Gaster (in Greek); venter (in Latin).   Functions The key functions of stomach are: Creates a reservoir of food. Blends food with gastric

Spleen

Synonym: Splen (in Greek); Lien (in Latin). Spleen is the largest lymphoid organ in the body (strictly speaking a hemolymphoid organ). The chief functions of the spleen are: To filter blood by removing worn out RBCs and microbial agents from the circulation. To fabricate RBCs in fetal

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