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Organs

Small Intestine

The Small Intestine is a winding, tightly-folded tube in the digestive system that absorbs about 90% of the nutrients from the food we eat. Anatomy says,Ā the small intestine extends from the pylorus to the ileocaecal junction. Its length goes about 6 m and is also divided into

Large Intestine

The Large Intestine is amde up of caecum, colon, rectum and anus. The length of the large intestine goes about 1.5 m. It starts from the caecum to its right, iliac fossa to the anus in the perineum. As compared to the small intestine, it is more

Colon

The Colon is part of the final stages of digestion. It split into 4 parts: (a) ascending colon, (b) transverse colon, (c) descending colon, and (d) sigmoid colon. Ascending Colon The ascending colon is an upward continuation of the caecum. It’s about 5 inch (12.5 cm) in

Kidneys

Synonyms: Ren: kidney (in Latin); Nephros: kidney (in Greek). Kidneys are the two reddish-brown organs inside the abdomen, situated on the posterior abdominal wall, resembling beans. The waste products of protein metabolism are removed by the kidneys and are therefore, these are known as the major excretory

Suprarenal (Adrenal) Glands

The Suprarenal Glands are a significant pair of endocrine glands which are enclosed in exactly the sameĀ fascial sheath as that of kidneys (renal fascia). These are situated on the upper poles of the kidneys. Each suprarenal gland is composed of 2 parts: (a) a comparatively thick outer

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