Cancer of the uterus is a tumour that grows in the lining of the Uterus, the endometrium, and is sometimes referred to as endometrial cancer. It’s a relatively low malignancy.
What Causes It?
Cancer of the uterus is more common in overweight girls and those taking the drug tamoxifen, which is used to prevent or treat breast cancer. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) using oestrogen alone also raises the danger but inclusion of a progestogen for 14 days at least every three months prevents this, and the constant “non-bleeding” type of HRT really reduces the risk of developing this cancer.
There’s been lots of controversy in recent years about the potential organization of uterine cancer with taking HRT for menopausal symptoms. If a menstrual period is caused at least every three months by a 14-day course of progestogen, endometrial overgrowth is prevented. Adding a progesterone IUD that can be left in situ for five years achieves precisely the same purpose.
What Are The Symptoms?
■ Postmenopausal bleeding or brownish discharge.
■ Suffering in the lower abdomen.
■ Bleeding after sex.
■ Heavy menstrual periods.
What’ll The Physician Do?
If you’ve got any postmenopausal vaginal bleeding or any change in your regular menstrual routine, consult your physician promptly.
■ If your physician suspects which you have a growing in your uterus, the only successful method to check whether there’s any malignancy will be to get an investigation. bu are likely to have an ultrasound scan; if this reveals a thickened endometrium, an endometrial biopsy may done via the cervix, or the interior of the uterus may be examined using hysteroscopy with a biopsy at exactly the same time.
■ If the uterine lining includes cancerous cells, your physician will recommend a total hvsterectomy with removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes
Together with the cervix. Radiotherapy may be suggested if the tumour has spread through the wall of the uterus.
■ If the development is improved, a radical hysterectomy will be performed to remove some vagina and the lymph nodes of the pelvis also.
What’s The Prognosis?
The news is great. The overall treatment rate is as high as 90 percent when the cancer is localized to the lining of the uterus itself. If the spread is beyond the lining and the muscles of the uterus, the amount after five years is reduced to 40 percent.