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Palatine Tonsils

There are 2 palatine tonsils (normally referred to as tonsils). Every Palatine Tonsil is situated in the triangular fossa (tonsillar fossa) of the lateral wall of the oropharynx between the anterior and posterior columns of fauces and is an almond shaped mass of lymphoid tissue. The posterior


It’s continuous above with the midbrain and below with the medulla oblongata. The pons (L. Pons = bridge) is the large middle part of the brainstem. It creates a broad bridge between the 2 cerebellar hemispheres by its transverse fibres making up the middle cerebellar peduncles, which

Pharyngotympanic Tube

(SYN. EUSTACHIAN TUBE/AUDITORY TUBE). It attaches the nasopharynx together with the tympanic cavity and is a mucous-lined osseocartilaginous station. On each side of the tympanic membrane for its appropriate shaking, it keeps the equilibrium of air pressure. From its tympanic end in an adult, it’s around 36


It includes the nuclei of the 3rd (oculomotor), 4th (trochlear) and 5th (trigeminal) cranial nerves. The midbrain is the smallest section of the brainstem and is situated just above the pons. It is traversed by the cerebral aqueduct. The part dorsal to the aqueduct is termed the


The roof of the mouth is called Palate (L. palate = roof of the mouth). The partition between the nasal and oral cavities is created by it. The palate includes 2 parts, Hard palate, which creates the anterior 4-fifth of the palate and Soft palate, which creates

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