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The larynx is altered for generating voice and is the upper enlarged part of the lower respiratory tract, therefore it’s also named voice box/organ of phonation. It functions as a sphincter in the inlet of lower respiratory tract and to safeguard the trachea and the bronchial tree

Medulla Oblongata

Extending from the Foramen Magnum to the upper border of the pons, the Medulla Oblongata is the direct upward continuation of the spinal cord, where It creates the lowest part of the Brainstem and is located nearly vertically in the anterior part of the posterior cranial fossa


The nose is the uppermost part of the respiratory tract and includes the peripheral organ of smell. The Greek for nose is rhinos. So the study of the nose and its diseases is called rhinology. It is composed of the external nose and the nasal cavity. Functions


The cerebellum (L. cerebellum = little brain) is the 2nd largest part of the brain as a whole and is the largest part of the hindbrain. It weighs about 150 grams. Its location is in the posterior cranial fossa underneath the tentorium cerebelli and behind the pons


It is the organ of hearing and plays an essential job in preserving the balance (equilibrium) of the body. The ear is split into 3 parts, viz. External ear. Middle ear. Internal ear. The internal ear is composed of bony labyrinth, a complex space, also in the

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