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Levator Scapulae Muscle

The levator scapulae muscle is an elongated muscle present in the shoulder girdle. It acts as a connection between the upper limb and the vertebral column and can be located in the posterior triangle of the neck. Sternocleidomastoid covers the superior aspect of the levator scapulae whereas its

Muscles of the Submandibular Region

The muscles in the submandibular region create 4 muscular planes; from superficial to deep, from the perspective of surgical procedures these are: First muscular plane: created by the digastric and stylohyoid muscles Second muscular plane: created by the mylohyoid muscle Third muscular plane: created by the geniohyoid,


Platysma is located within the superficial fascia of the side of the neck and it is a thin quadrilateral broad sheet of muscle. From the front of the neck it rises over the face. It symbolizes the residue of panniculus carnosus of animals anatomically. Its point of

Masseter Muscle

The masseter is a dense quadrangular muscle enveloping the lateral surface of the ramus of the mandible together with its coronoid process. The masseter muscle is a powerful muscle of mastication that raises the mandible. It is located over the lateral side of the ramus of the

Muscles of Mastication

The muscles of mastication are concerned with movements of mandible in the temporomandibular joints during mastication. They’re split into 2 groups: Main muscles: Temporalis. Masseter. Lateral pterygoid. Medial pterygoid. Accessory muscles: Digastric. Buccinator. Mylohyoid. Geniohyoid. Primary Muscles of Mastication The characteristic features of the main muscles of

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