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Inferior Thoracic Aperture (Thoracic Outlet)

The Inferior Thoracic Aperture is broad and the upper part of the abdominal cavity is encompassed by the inferior thoracic aperture. The thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity is divided by the large musculoaponeurotic diaphragm connected to the margins of thoracic outlet.   Borders Anteriorly: Xiphisternal joint.

Right Ventricle

The right ventricle is the triangular compartment of the heart that interacts with the right atrium via right atrioventricular orifice as well as via pulmonary orifice with the pulmonary trunk. Position In the anatomical position, the right atrium is towards the right of the right ventricle and

Surface Landmarks of the Thoracic wall

Bony Landmarks The bony landmarks of the thoracic wall are as follows: 1. Suprasternal notch (jugular notch): Just above the superior border of the manubrium sterni between the proximal medial ends of both clavicles is exactly where the jugular notch is found. At the level of lower border

Foramen Ovale of Heart

The foramen ovale is found in the fetal heart where it allows blood to go inside the left atrium from the right atrium. It is among the two fetal cardiac shunts, the ductus arteriosus is the other one which allows blood to bypass the pulmonary circulation that

Coverings of the Thoracic wall

The Thoracic wall is covered by: From superficial to deep, Skin. Superficial fascia. Deep fascia. Muscles. Skin Anterior aspect and rear aspect of the skin covering the thoracic wall are thin and thick respectively. Age, gender and race are the factors to depend upon the distribution of

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