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The labia are the inner and outer folds of the vulva, which are present at both sides of the vagina. They are part of the female genitals and are the visible portion of the vulva. In humans, labia majora and labia minora form the two pairs of labia. The


Scrotum is a large pendulous sac of skin below and behind the penis. Scrotum is known as ‘bag’ in latin. It is also referred as an out-pouching of the lower part of the anterior abdominal wall. It is comprised of the following structures: Testes. Epididymis. Lower parts

Testis and Epididymis

Testis The Testis is situated in every half of the scrotal sac. It is a male gonad that is homologous with the ovary in the female. Testis is one of the mobile organs of the body. It possesses the various functions, such as – generation of spermatozoa


Caecum (L. caecum = blind) is a large dilated blind sac at the commencement (proximal end) of the large intestine. The position of the caecum is to the right iliac fossa, above the lateral half of the inguinal ligament.  Its surface projection takes up the triangular region


The Appendix (or Vermiform Appendix)  is a narrow worm-like diverticulum, about 2 cm below the ileocaecal junction. It originates from the posteromedial wall of the caecum. Measurements The length of the appendix varies from 2 to 20 cm (with an average of 9 cm). The typical width is

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